Understanding How Wine is Made

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Before that lovely bottle of wine reaches your hands, there is a careful process that vineyards follow to ensure that you get the same quality bottle that you expect every time. While there are many wine varieties, they basically follow the same wine-making process. There are differences when it comes to the grapes that are being used and how long the ageing process is. This is the determinant for the many wine varieties available in the market.


Wine is composed only of grapes. But it is the process of wine-making that makes the grapes produce not just a glass of grape juice but a lovely bottle of wine. The process starts with the harvest of the finest grapes that is right for picking. To hasten the harvest, some vineyards opt for mechanical harvesting while there are some vineyards where there are people who pick the grapes to be used by hand. Harvest is normally done during the early hours of the morning so that the cool weather will not destroy the natural juices of the grapes when picked.


The harvested grapes are next de-stemmed and crushed. Using specialized machines, the grapes are crushed so its juices get released. Some vineyards crush the grapes manually instead of using machines. The pulp is separated and the juice now goes through a series of processes to finally exude that exquisite wine taste. For the next step which is fermentation, yeast is added to the juice so that when the yeasts consumes the grape juice, it will turn to alcohol and carbon dioxide, the two properties that should be present in all wine varieties and what differentiates them from other beverages including simple grape juice.


When alcohol and carbon dioxide has formed, the long ageing process will now take place. Some vineyards have stainless steel barrels where they store their wines for years before they can become wines that can be commercially sold. Wine experts say that wines that are aged in oak barrels have better taste and quality, and the major vineyards around the world do age their wines in oak barrels. The ageing of the wine is monitored so the proper quality can be achieved. Ageing them for longer periods than required may spoil the wine and turn them into vinegar.


The wines are transferred from one barrel to another over periods of time to take out any sediment that has formed so that the wine will be as clear and pure as it can possibly be. The wines are filtered as well for the very same purpose.


The last step is bottling the wines. Quality is checked and all the other environmental factors are controlled such as the temperature and sealing mechanisms. The corks or stainless caps that are used to seal the wine are checked as well so the wine will not be affected or contaminated by other materials.


Some people say that passion is also an important ingredient in making wines. And for wine experts and aficionados, they will share romance with a glass of wine no matter what variety it is.

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